Many people find it useful to write their introduction after they have written their assignment. They find that it is through the process of writing their assignment that they clarify the overall point they wish to make in addressing the set topic. They then draft their introduction at the end, or they return to their initial attempt and re-write it. Refer to What does a good conclusion look like? for an example of this. Of course, some people prefer to start with an introduction that helps guide their writing. Either way, it is still good practice to ensure your introduction says what you want it to say!
4. The “dawn of man” introduction. This kind of introduction generally makes broad, sweeping statements about the relevance of this topic since the beginning of time, throughout the world, etc. It is usually very general (similar to the placeholder introduction) and fails to connect to the thesis. It may employ cliches–the phrases “the dawn of man” and “throughout human history” are examples, and it’s hard to imagine a time when starting with one of these would work. Instructors often find them extremely annoying.
Hi Jumoke. Fear of speaking is common. Here are some tips. 1) Expect to be nervous; it’s normal and natural. 2) Practice a lot until you’re comfortable with your talk. The best way to practice is to videotape yourself using a smartphone or webcam, watch the video, and then keep repeating that until you see a good improvement. 3) Put your attention on your audience, rather than on yourself. Start by asking a question and getting a response from the audience, whether from one person or from everyone by asking them to raise their hand. By focusing on your audience, you’ll pay less attention to how you feel. Good luck!