contains definitions and examples of more than sixty
rhetorical devices, (including rhetorical tropes and rhetorical
figures) all of which can still be useful today to improve the
effectiveness, clarity, and enjoyment of your writing. Note: This book
was written in 1980, with some changes since. The devices presented are
not in alphabetical order. To go directly to the discussion of a
device, click on the name below. If you know these already, go directly
to the Self Test . To learn
about my book, Writing
with Clarity and Style ,
see the Advertisement .
Actually we can use other singular terms besides names to designate things to which we attribute or deny properties. We can use demonstratives ("this", "that") and definite descriptions ("the big dog next door") and event designators ("the assassination of Kennedy"), and so on.
Gerundive nominalizations ("Bush's being able to speak English") are the canonical designators for states of affairs. But things can be picked out, designated, by means other than direct designators such as names, demonstratives, definite descriptions, and the like.